By Henry Ficklin, aged 10.
Many animals like the cod, the dodo and the American passenger pigeon used to be plentiful. But now two of these are extinct and the cod is very endangered. This can only be explained by human actions. Humans would use or eat these animals without being worried about conserving them. Numbers declined until they became extinct or endangered. If people had a stronger sense of conservation and the importance of these animals in their ecosystems and in their importance to us as people, then maybe we would still be able to have these animals around us. Conservation means a lot to me because without it ecosystems would fall apart and animals will become extinct. People often care about cute big animals like monkeys, tigers and eagles but it is just as important to look after animals that are not cute as well, like jellyfish, wasps and cod.
Conservation is not just important for animals but to all living things. Conservation is also very important to prevent floods, fires, new deserts and drought. It is important to protect habitats and natural areas like rainforests. If we allow the destruction of rainforests it will increase the production of greenhouse gases which make the world warm up. This results in melting of Arctic and Antarctic ice caps, rising sea levels and flooding of low lands like the Seychelles. Another thing that can happen is that new deserts are formed. This happens when the warming earth results in less water and less vegetation like trees and things stop growing and land becomes barren (and by the way, a desert isn’t just sandy like a beach, it is usually too hot and dry for people’s comfort, but it is mainly about being dry so you can get deserts in cold areas without sand too).
Conservation needs to be done by humans to prevent damage to the world caused by humans. But what humans don’t think about is how without conservation our lives will change. Resources, such as water, oil, natural gas, wood and food, become less available as we don’t protect our planet. When these become less available, countries may get so desperate for it wars can start over who gets the resource. This can also lead to people accidently making that resource even rarer and less plentiful.
I think young people should get interested in conservation because it is important for us to realise how our world is changing and to get into good environmentally friendly habits sooner rather than later. Problems like extinction, global warming and wars over resources are only going to get worse unless our generation and the next few will do something about it. It is important for young people to be involved in conservation because we need to work at it if we want the world to be a better place. Adults should listen to young people as we may have new and fresh ideas that nobody has considered before and because this will be our world soon.